• 20 years of competitive tendering in the Norwegian bus industry – An analysis of bidders and winning bids 

      Aarhaug, Jørgen; Fearnley, Nils; Gregersen, Fredrik Alexander; Norseng, Robert Bjørnøy (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-05)
      Our paper investigates the developments in the Norwegian bus industry following the ramp-up of competitive tendering since the early 2000s. We analyse a complete dataset of all 232 local bus contracts awarded through ...
    • A process for designing policy packaging: Ideals and realities 

      Justen, Andreas; Fearnley, Nils; Givoni, Moshe; Macmillen, James (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-02-06)
      The article introduces a design process for policy packaging, combining a heuristic approach with a real world example of European policymaking. The policy packaging process is divided into six stages, starting with (1) ...
    • A push to cycling - Exploring the e-bike's role in overcoming barriers to bicycle use with a survey and an intervention study 

      Fyhri, Aslak; Heinen, Eva; Fearnley, Nils; Sundfør, Hanne Beate (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-13)
      In Norway, as in many countries, there is a political goal to increase bicycle use. The electric bicycle (e-bike) is a promising tool for achieving this goal, given the hilliness of the country. However, little is yet known ...
    • Competition and substitution between public transport modes 

      Fearnley, Nils; Currie, Graham; Flugel, Stefan Markus; Gregersen, Fredrik Alexander; Killi, Marit; Toner, Jeremy P; Wardman, Mark (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-26)
      The management and understanding of modal split between public transport (PT) modes is of interest for numerous reasons. It may, for example, be desirable to stimulate passengers to switch from crowded buses and over to ...
    • Deregulation of the Norwegian long distance express coach market 

      Aarhaug, Jørgen; Fearnley, Nils (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-19)
      This paper offers new insight to the effects of long distance express coach deregulation in Norway, which formally happened gradually between 1998 and 2003. We study data over a period that spans from the years prior to ...
    • Effects of e-bikes on bicycle use and mode share 

      Fyhri, Aslak; Fearnley, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-07)
      In Norway, as in many countries, a political goal is to increase bicycle use, and the e-bike is promising in this respect. However, concerns have been raised about mode-share effects. It has been argued that if the e-bike’s ...
    • Express coaches: An up-hill battle after liberalization? 

      Aarhaug, Jørgen; Farstad, Eivind; Fearnley, Nils; Halse, Askill Harkjerr (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-02)
      Express coach services have thrived in Norway following the stepwise liberalization that started in the mid-1990s. However, recent years have witnessed consolidation, stagnation, and, sometimes, decline in the Norwegian ...
    • Free Fares Policies: Impact on Public Transport Mode Share and Other Transport Policy Goals 

      Fearnley, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-12-10)
      This article investigates the merits of free public transport as a means to achieve a number of transport policy objectives, including mode shift towards public transport. It outlines some political and societal motivations ...
    • Household parking facilities: relationship to travel behaviour and car ownership 

      Christiansen, Petter; Fearnley, Nils; Hanssen, Jan Usterud; Skollerud, Kåre H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-08)
      Few studies have investigated how parking requirements (norms) for households and home parking availability influence car ownership and car-use. The common practice of local authorities is to use minimum parking norms for ...
    • Increasing the competitiveness of e-vehicles in Europe 

      Figenbaum, Erik; Fearnley, Nils; Pfaffenbichler, Paul; Hjorthol, Randi; Kolbenstvedt, Marika; Jellinek, Reinhard; Emmerling, Bettina; Bonnema, G. Maarten; Ramjerdi, Farideh; Vågane, Liva; Iversen, Lykke Møller (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-20)
      Introduction This paper is concerned with incentives for the take-up and use of e-vehicles that are in place in different European countries. Especially, it analyses Norway and Austria, in order to establish and understand ...
    • Investigating observed and unobserved variation in the probability of ‘not travel’ as a behavioural response to restrictive policies 

      Flugel, Stefan Markus; Fearnley, Nils; Killi, Marit (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-01)
      Besides technological improvements, restrictive car policies are likely to be the most effective measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from local passenger transport. Restrictive policies may lead some individuals ...
    • Micromobility – Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities 

      Fearnley, Nils (Chapter, 2020-08-13)
      Shared, dockless micromobility is causing concern across the globe. The phenomenon started with shared bikes and e-bikes. More recently, e-scooters (or electric kickbikes), the focus of this chapter, have flooded cities ...
    • Nordic Experiences with Smart Mobility: Emerging Services and Regulatory Frameworks 

      Ydersbond, Inga Margrete; Auvinen, Heidi; Tuominen, Anu; Fearnley, Nils; Aarhaug, Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-10-03)
      In a time where emerging technologies bundled within “smart mobility” represent a new transformation of the mobility system, it is critical that governments pro-actively take part in these developments. This means steering ...
    • Parking facilities and the built environment: Impacts on travel behaviour 

      Christiansen, Petter; Engebretsen, Øystein; Fearnley, Nils; Hanssen, Jan Usterud (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-25)
      Car ownership and car use depend on numerous factors, among which are parking availability at destination and at home. While the former has attracted considerable research efforts for decades the latter, home parking, has ...
    • Patterns of E-Scooter Use in Combination with Public Transport 

      Fearnley, Nils; Johnsson, Espen; Berge, Siri Hegna (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-07-23)
      Shared e-scooters may complement public transport by offering a solution to the first/last mile problem by easing, or increasing the radius of, access and egress trips. We have gathered real time e-scooter supply and demand ...
    • Policy transfer of public transport funding schemes - The case of Norway 

      Olsen, Silvia Johanne; Fearnley, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-17)
      This paper assesses the circumstances under which the schemes and models of public transport funding in one country can be applied in another country. Acceptance and similarity are presented as key concepts when considering ...
    • Review and meta-analysis of inter-modal cross-elasticity evidence 

      Wardman, Mark; Toner, Jeremy P; Fearnley, Nils; Flugel, Stefan Markus; Killi, Marit (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-21)
    • Risk and irreversibility of transport interventions 

      Ramjerdi, Farideh; Fearnley, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-11-09)
      Infrastructure decisions and transport policies are often based on the notion that all decisions are made at one single point in time, based on full information and an accurate evaluation of the benefits and costs of ...
    • Standards for usable and safe environments for sight impaired 

      Tennøy, Aud; Øksenholt, Kjersti Visnes; Fearnley, Nils; Matthews, Bryan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-01)
      When revising national standards and guidelines facilitating for sight-impaired people in transport systems, Norwegian authorities needed an assessment of current standards and practices. Two issues concerning design of ...
    • Subsidising urban and sub-urban transport – distributional impacts 

      Fearnley, Nils; Aarhaug, Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-17)
      Background and methods This paper studies distributional effects of public transport (PT) subsidies focusing on the Greater Oslo region. We identify how different PT markets enjoy different levels of subsidies. We describe ...