• A generic discrete choice model of automobile purchase 

      Østli, Vegard; Fridstrøm, Lasse; Johansen, Kjell Werner; Tseng, Yin-Yen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-24)
      Purpose The introduction of novel fuel and propulsion technologies, such as battery, (plug-in) hybrid and fuel cell electric vehicles, and the need to combat the exhaust emission of local and global pollutants from the ...
    • A stock-flow cohort model of the national car fleet 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse; Østli, Vegard; Johansen, Kjell Werner (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-10)
      Purpose Various regulatory and fiscal policy instruments are in force to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases and local pollutants emitted by private cars. The incentives operate primarily—or exclusively—on the newest ...
    • Bilavgiftenes markedskorrigerende rolle 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-04-21)
      Bilavgiftene i statsbudsjettet for 2017 kan antas å medføre en reduksjon i de årlige C02-utslippene fra veitrafikk på minst 185 000 tonn. Utslippene blir dobbeltbeskattet gjennom så vel drivstoffavgifter som engangsavgift ...
    • Direct and cross price elasticities of demand for gasoline, diesel, hybrid and battery electric cars: the case of Norway 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse; Østli, Vegard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-01-04)
      Aim: The primary goals of this research is (i) to derive direct and cross demand market response functions for automobile powertrains and their energy carriers and (ii) to assess how CO2 emissions from automobiles depend ...
    • Effects on accidents of changes in the use of studded tyres in major cities in Norway: A long-term investigation 

      Elvik, Rune; Fridstrøm, Lasse; Kaminska, Joanna; Meyer, Sunniva Frislid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-02-12)
      This paper reports the findings of two studies made eleven years apart in Norway (Fridstrøm, 2000, Elvik and Kaminska, 2011) to evaluate effects on accidents of changes in the use of studded tyres in major cities in Norway. ...
    • From innovation to penetration: Calculating the energy transition time lag for motor vehicles 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06-17)
      To meet the targets laid down in the Paris agreement and in the European Union's climate policy documents, road vehicle fleets will have to undergo a massive energy transition in the decades ahead. New vehicles acquired ...
    • The Norwegian Vehicle Electrification Policy and Its Implicit Price of Carbon 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-01-28)
      The rapid market uptake of battery and hybrid electric cars in Norway is unparalleled. We examine the fiscal policy instruments behind this development. In essence, the Norwegian policy consists in taxing internal combustion ...
    • The climate, economic and equity effects of fuel tax, road toll and commuter tax credit 

      Steinsland, Christian; Fridstrøm, Lasse; Madslien, Anne; Minken, Harald (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-24)
      State-of-the-art travel demand models for Norway have been run with the aim of revealing the equity effects of selected policy measures for greenhouse gas abatement. The Oslo Intercity Regional Model, comprising roughly ...
    • The vehicle purchase tax as a climate policy instrument 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse; Østli, Vegard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-09)
      Since 2007, the Norwegian vehicle purchase tax includes a large CO2 emission component. At the same time, generous tax exemptions and privileges are granted to battery electric vehicles. Continued application of the purchase ...
    • Who will bell the cat? On the environmental and sustainability risks of electric vehicles: A comment 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-03-21)
      In Transportation Research A 133:79–81, Francisco Bahamonde-Birke (B-B) asks “Who will bell the cat? ... [and presumably discloses] … the fact that, under current conditions and with flat energy prices, a substantial ...