• A generic discrete choice model of automobile purchase 

      Østli, Vegard; Fridstrøm, Lasse; Johansen, Kjell Werner; Tseng, Yin-Yen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-24)
      Purpose The introduction of novel fuel and propulsion technologies, such as battery, (plug-in) hybrid and fuel cell electric vehicles, and the need to combat the exhaust emission of local and global pollutants from the ...
    • A stock-flow cohort model of the national car fleet 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse; Østli, Vegard; Johansen, Kjell Werner (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-10)
      Purpose Various regulatory and fiscal policy instruments are in force to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases and local pollutants emitted by private cars. The incentives operate primarily—or exclusively—on the newest ...
    • The vehicle purchase tax as a climate policy instrument 

      Fridstrøm, Lasse; Østli, Vegard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-09)
      Since 2007, the Norwegian vehicle purchase tax includes a large CO2 emission component. At the same time, generous tax exemptions and privileges are granted to battery electric vehicles. Continued application of the purchase ...
    • Train Unreliability and Demand for Rail Freight Transport in Norway 

      Halse, Askill Harkjerr; Østli, Vegard; Killi, Marit; Landmark, Andreas D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-01)
      We use a rich data set on long-distance freight trains in Norway to estimate the effect of variation in train unreliability over time on transport demand within a fixed-effect framework. The train services that we study ...