• 20 years of competitive tendering in the Norwegian bus industry – An analysis of bidders and winning bids 

      Aarhaug, Jørgen; Fearnley, Nils; Gregersen, Fredrik Alexander; Norseng, Robert Bjørnøy (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-05)
      Our paper investigates the developments in the Norwegian bus industry following the ramp-up of competitive tendering since the early 2000s. We analyse a complete dataset of all 232 local bus contracts awarded through ...
    • Accounting for user type and mode effects on the value of travel time savings in project appraisal: Opportunities and challenges 

      Flugel, Stefan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-18)
      Differences in Value of Travel Time Savings (VTTS) between travel modes can play a decisive role in the ranking of projects that affect the travel time of different travel modes. Conceptually, between-mode differences in ...
    • Competition and substitution between public transport modes 

      Fearnley, Nils; Currie, Graham; Flugel, Stefan Markus; Gregersen, Fredrik Alexander; Killi, Marit; Toner, Jeremy P; Wardman, Mark (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-26)
      The management and understanding of modal split between public transport (PT) modes is of interest for numerous reasons. It may, for example, be desirable to stimulate passengers to switch from crowded buses and over to ...
    • Express coaches: An up-hill battle after liberalization? 

      Aarhaug, Jørgen; Farstad, Eivind; Fearnley, Nils; Halse, Askill Harkjerr (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-02)
      Express coach services have thrived in Norway following the stepwise liberalization that started in the mid-1990s. However, recent years have witnessed consolidation, stagnation, and, sometimes, decline in the Norwegian ...
    • Implications of ride-sourcing and self-driving vehicles on the need for regulation in unscheduled passenger transport 

      Aarhaug, Jørgen; Olsen, Silvia Johanne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-30)
      The recent emergence of large-scale ride-sourcing services, such as Uber and Lyft, is a major development in passenger transport. By utilizing fleets of private cars and app technology, these services call into question ...
    • Paradoxes of rationality in road safety policy 

      Elvik, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-01-09)
      Rationality is an ideal for transport safety policy. As developed within normative welfare economics, rationality denotes the efficient use of safety measures based on cost–benefit analyses that include all relevant impacts ...
    • Policy transfer of public transport funding schemes - The case of Norway 

      Olsen, Silvia Johanne; Fearnley, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-17)
      This paper assesses the circumstances under which the schemes and models of public transport funding in one country can be applied in another country. Acceptance and similarity are presented as key concepts when considering ...
    • Problems in determining the optimal use of road safety measures 

      Elvik, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-18)
      This paper discusses some problems in determining the optimal use of road safety measures. The first of these problems is how best to define the baseline option, i.e. what will happen if no new safety measures are introduced. ...