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dc.contributor.authorLopez-Aparicio, Susana
dc.contributor.authorGrythe, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorThorne, Rebecca Jayne
dc.contributor.authorVogt, Matthias
dc.coverage.spatialNorway, Osloen_US
dc.identifier.citationScience of the Total Environment, 2020, 720, 137577, 13pen_US
dc.descriptionPublished by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe present a comprehensive study on the impacts and associated changes in costs resulting from the implementation of Environmental Speed Limits (ESLs), as a measure to reduce PM10 and associated health effects. We present detailed modelled emissions (i.e., CO2, NOx, PM2.5 and PM10), concentration levels (i.e., PM2.5 and PM10) and population exposure to PM2.5 and PM10 under three scenarios of ESL implementation for the Metropolitan Area of Oslo. We find that whilst emissions of NOx and CO2 do not seem to show significant changes with ESL implementation, PM10 emissions are reduced by 6–12% and annual concentration levels are reduced up to 8%, with a subsequent reduction in population exposure. The modelled data is used to carry out a detailed analysis to quantify the changes in private and social costs for the roads in Oslo where ESL are implemented today. This involves assessments related to human health, climate, fuel consumption, time losses and the incidence of traffic accidents. For a scenario using actual speed data from ESL implementation, our study shows a net benefit associated with the implementation of ESLs, whilst for a theoretical scenario with strict speed limit compliance we find a net increase in costs. This is largely due to variation in costs due to time losses between the scenarios, although uncertainties are high.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleCosts and benefits of implementing an Environmental Speed Limit in a Nordic cityen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holder(c) 2020 The Authors.en_US
dc.source.journalScience of the Total Environmenten_US
dc.relation.projectNILU - Norsk institutt for luftforskning: 118052en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal