Embodied Energy, Costs and Traffic in Different Settlement Patterns – Travel behaviour, housing and location preferences
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The objective of this report is to provide a state-of-the-art review on relevant existing studies that could be used as a background for tool development and guidelines in the EE settlement project. The report investigates how different dwelling types and settlement patterns affect travel behaviour, including travel mode choice and travelled distances, to create the basis for assessment of residents’ transport energy needs in the project. Furthermore, an overview of mobility within and between municipalities for different age groups, and the motives for their movement, is evaluated to provide a basis for housing and location preferences among households. The report highlights the limitations of existing approaches and helps define the scope for further work in the EE settlement project.